泰国 Thailand

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行政区域。76個府(จังหวัด, changwat)都是以其首府(เมือง,Mueang)作为该府的命名。在府底下,又有更小的次级行政区划,称为‘县或郡’(อำเภอ,Amphoe)与‘次区’(กิ่งอำเภอ,King Amphoe).

 

Administrative divisions. Thailand is divided into 76 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat). The name of each province's capital city (เมือง, mueang) is the same as that of the province. Each province is divided into districts (อำเภอ, amphoe) and the districts are further divided into sub-districts.

Chiang Rai Province Chiang Mai Province Mae Hong Son Province Phayao Province Lampang Province Phrae Province Lamphun Province Nan Province Uttaradit Province Bueng Kan Province Nong Khai Province Udon Thani Province Nakhon Phanom Province Sakon Nakhon Province Kalasin Province Mukdahan Province Loei Province Khon Kaen Province Nong Bua Lamphu Province Tak Province Sukhothai Province Phitsanulok Province Phichit Province Uthai Thani Province Kamphaeng Phet Province Nakhon Sawan Province Phetchabun Province Chaiyaphum Province Maha Sarakham Province Roi Et Province Yasothon Province Amnat Charoen Province Ubon Ratchathani Province Sisaket Province Surin Province Buriram Province Nakhon Ratchasima Province Lopburi Province Chainat Province Singburi Province Kanchanaburi Province Suphanaburi Province Ang Thong Province Saraburi Province Ayutthaya Province Nakhon Nayok Province Prachin Buri Province Pathum Thani Province Nakhon Pathom Province Ratchaburi Province Sa Kaew Province Chachoengsao Province Chonburi Province Rayong Province Chanthaburi Province Trat Province Phetchaburi Province Prachuap Khiri Khan Province Chumphon Province Ranong Province Surat Thani Province Phang Nga Province Phuket Province Krabi Province Nakhon Si Thammarat Province Trang Province Phatthalung Province Satun Province Songkhla Province Pattani Province Yala Province Narathiwat Province Samut Prakan Province Bangkok Nonthaburi Province Samut Sakhon Province Samut Songkhram Province A clickable map of Thailand exhibiting its provinces.

泰国,这个位于印度支那半岛的国家也被称为‘暹罗’。

 

总面积约513,120平方公里。泰国的地貌非常特殊,与邻国的许多边界都是由天然屏风形成。例如由一座山脉划明与缅甸的边界,满长的美公河分开了泰国的东北部及老挝。美公河和Dongrak山也分开了泰国和柬埔寨。

 

泰国北部属于高山区,最高峰Doi Inthanon(2,565米)就在泰国北部的Thanon Thong Chai山脉里。所以许多泰国闻名壮观的瀑布也聚在这一区。东北部是呵叻高原,由于这里夏季极干旱,雨季非常泥泞,所以不宜耕作。

 

而泰国中部则属于平坦低洼地区,是昭披耶河(即湄南河)平原。昭披耶河灌溉了这片土地,沿岸土地丰饶,是稻米主要出产地。河流流经繁忙的曼谷首都,才流进暹罗湾。

 

泰国南部是西部山脈的延续,山脈再向南形成马來半岛,最狹处称为克拉地峽。这一带聚集了泰国有名天然沙灘度假区,如普吉岛,苏美岛及巴提亚。

 

泰国的一般大众习惯將国家的疆域比作大象的头部,將北部视为「象冠」,东北地方代表「象耳」,暹罗湾代表「象口」,而南方的狹长地帶则代表了「象鼻」。

 

Thailand is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia,was for centuries known as ‘Siam’, the official title changing to ‘Muang Thai’ (‘home of the free’) in 1939.

 

Totalling 513,120 square kilometres (198,120 sq mi). The geography of Thailand features many natural borders with neighboring countries: a mountainous border with Myanmar (Burma) to the north and west; a long stretch of the Mekong River separating Thailand from Laos to the north and east; and the Mekong River and the Dongrak Mountains delineating the border of Cambodia to the east.

 

The north of the country is the mountainous area of the Thai highlands, with the highest point being Doi Inthanon in the Thanon Thong Chai Range at 2,565 metres (8,415 ft) above sea level. The North of Thailand is famous for its many waterfalls. The northeast, Isan, consists of the Khorat Plateau, bordered to the east by the Mekong River.

 

The geography of Thailand’s interior is dominated by the Central Plains, the “Rice Bowl of Asia,” through which the Chao Phraya River feeds expansive rice fields and then enters the bustling capital of Bangkok before spilling into the Gulf of Thailand.

 

Stretching down the Malaysian peninsula, the slender trunk of the figurative elephant separates the Andaman Sea from the Gulf of Thailand, providing Thailand with beaches and islands along opposing shores. The islands of Phuket and Koh Samui are equally important as tourist destinations, though both coasts also contain numerous historical attractions as well as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and spectacular forests, waterfalls, and beaches.


Waterfalls of Thailand which we had been to...